Byblos TTA. Byblos tourisml and travel agency. Aleppo, Syria

Historic Profile

Excavations in the Orontes valley and Nahar El Kabir show that human activity in Syria goes back around one million years. Latamneh and the caves near Palmyra date from 500,000 years. Archeological findings at Mouraibet revealed the oldest home from the Neolithic era (9th millennium. By the fifth millennium, the so-called “Halaf” era started near Khabour. Vestiges of the Uruk civilization in Mesopotamia (4th millennium) are found at Habbouba on the Euphrates.

During the 3rd millennium, two great powers emerged: Mari and Ebla. By the second millennium, Syria became a center of political and cultural activity. Aleppo, Ugarit and other kingdoms played an important role in such activities during this millennium. Arameans found their way to Syria, particularly to Damascus in the first millennium. During the 4th century B.C., Syria became the center of the Seleucide State, whose culture, along with the Greek’s was prominent. Selucos Nikator built: Apamea, Antioch, Seleucia, Laodicea and Cyrus. As a result of the conquestof Pompeus in 64 B.C., Syria passed under the domination of the Romans; Bosra, Palmyra and Apamea stand witnesses to the greatness of Syria in the Roman epoch.

Syria played an important role in the nascent Christianity by spreading it throughout the world. By the beginning of the 5th century, the Byzantines could not defend Syria against the Persians. The Arab period started in the 7th century, and Damascus became the capital of the Ummayyads. The Crusaders left their vestiges in Syria, especially along the coastal area. The Ottoman rule, which lasted till the beginning of the 20th century, started in the 16th century.


963 21 9916

963 21 224 77 93

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P.O. Box: 13038. Aleppo, Syria

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